Term 4 Week 8

Acknowledgement of Country

We acknowledge the traditional Aboriginal custodians of the lands, waterways and skies of the Bunurong Peoples of the Kulin Nation where we gather, learn and grow at Aspendale Primary School.

We pay our respects to past and present Traditional Custodians and Elders of all nations,  and their ongoing cultural, spiritual and educational practices.  

We extend this respect to all Torres Strait Islanders and any First Nations peoples who learn or visit these grounds. We thank you for sharing and caring for the land we are learning on.

New version of the Acknowedgement of Country
Above is an updated Acknowledgment of Country that has been written in consultation with staff, students and members of our community. We recieved positive feedback and approval from our friends at the Bunurong Land Council in 2023. 

Important Dates

Important dates:
Event Dates
Whole School Photo day22 April
ANZAC Day - Public Holiday- No school25 April
Year 5 Parliment House incusion29 April
Year 3 excursion: Cranbourne Botanical Gardens 
Year 6 excursion: China Town 
1 May
Year 6 excursion: ANZAC Day Commemoration 7 May
Year 2 incursion: Chelsea Historical Society8 May
Chelsea District Cross Country10 May
Year 4 Camp Rumbug15-17 May
Year 6 Camp Waratah Beach22-24 May
Reconciliation WeekMay 27 - June 3

From the Acting Principal Term 4 Week 8

Dear parents and carers,

It has been a lovely time of year at Aspendale Primary School, with our 2024 Foundation students visiting every Tuesday morning giving us a glimpse into next year whilst we reflect on how far each of our 2023 students have progressed as we finalise the last round of reporting for the year.

2024 Classroom Structure

After consultation with staff and discussion at School Council, I would like to share with the community our class structure for 2024. We have kept in mind our school community’s desire for straight classes and to keep student numbers in each class relatively small. The Victorian Government School’s Agreement aims for an average ratio of 1:26 across the school and 1:21 across the junior years. The funding we receive is in alignment with these ratios. We will have an average class size of 1:21 across the school and 1:19 across the junior years. I know our fabulous staff, made up of our teachers and education support staff, will again support the learning and wellbeing needs of all of our students in 2024.

Year Level

Student Numbers


19, 18, 18


17, 17, 17, 17


23, 23, 23


24, 24, 23


21, 21, 20, 20


24, 24, 24


23, 23, 23, 22


2024 Camps

Our 2024 camp schedule has been finalised. We are looking forward to returning to our Year 3 & 4 camps and to visit a new Year 5 and a new Year 6 camp. Please see the schedule below. Thanks to our staff for attending camp this year and for their forward planning for next year.

Year Level




Gundiwindi Lodge

Aug 28 - Aug 30


Camp Rumbug

May 15 - 17


The Ranch

Jul 31 - Aug 2


Waratah Beach Camp

May 22 - May 24


Year Two Enchanted Adventure

Our Year Two students had a terrific day on Friday at the Enchanted Adventure in Arthur’s Seat. The experience of challenging themselves and building their independence was important to help them prepare to head off on Year Three camp next year. I spoke with a lot of proud students on Friday afternoon who shared their achievements from the day. Thanks to our Year Two team for organising this.

Courage to Care

On Monday morning I had the opportunity to join our Year Sixes in their Courage to Care incursion. This is part of the Holocaust education program and the students learnt about stereotypes, prejudice, discrimination and racism. They had the opportunity to hear from a Holocaust survivor and to ask questions. Our students were commended for the respect, kindness and attentiveness they demonstrated. I’d like to thank the team from Courage to Care for the way they facilitated the sessions.



Friday afternoon saw the next two showcases take place in the school courtyard. The Year Threes delighted us with an orchestra performance of Ode to Joy and our Year One students grooved the afternoon away! Tomorrow our Foundation students will have their turn. This will be the culmination of our performances for the year, starting with our ⅚ production in Term Three. Thanks to Nat Tideman and

Stela Matthews and the rest of our staff for providing these opportunities for our students.

Year Four Bike Ed

Bike Ed is underway. It’s great to see the bike shed full! A reminder to students to continue to walk their bikes and scooters in the school and along the front of the school, especially during times of high congestion.


Enjoy your weekend everyone!

Year 1 Update Term 4 Week 8

In Year One We are Thinkers!

This term in Year One, our students are ‘workin’ hard for the money’, as we explore the difference between wants and needs, and the systems that are in place to exchange goods and services.

To ignite our creativity, we took a delightful detour into exploring what it might be like to live a day in the world of Willy Wonka – imagining and designing products that would satisfy even the fussiest of consumers. Through a highly engaging workshop titled ‘The Chocolate Shop’, the Year One students designed some crazy, wild, cute and delicious Hot Chocolate Creatures.

We were very much looking forward to enjoying a hot chocolate at the end of the session, and can’t wait to grow and extend our thinking as we dive deeper into this Unit of Inquiry together.

Courage to Care incursion - Year 6

On Monday, our Year 6 students were given the opportunity to attend a Courage to Care workshop. They learnt about being an upstander in situations that might be challenging. 
Courage to Care is a unique program because it incorporates real life testimony to help students understand the real world impact of prejudice, racism and discrimination. 

To challenge what we know and the differences and overlaps of stereotypes, discrimination, prejudice and racism; students worked in groups to participate in many activities. 


The workshops ended with students hearing first hand accounts of Holocaust survivor stories and the stories of their families. 


In 6F, Sabrina guided us with images to bridge the gaps between what seem to be small stereotypical comments, to what happened during the Holocaust. Henry, spoke about being born in Poland 1936 and the challenges facing his family. He credits his survival to the unique and unexpected actions of a Christian doctor, who first saved his mother and later hid Henry and his father throughout the war. Henry would later travel to Australia and become a celebrated doctor specalising in blood disorders  at the Royal Children's Hospital. Eva went on to share her families survival from Hungary and their first encounters with locals in an Australian pub!  

Kay helped 6M understand definitions and answered questions before Louis shared his story. He was very grateful for being in Australia and shared how he felt lucky he was to be in the right place at the right time. He wanted our students to be empowered by his story and empathetic, but not sympathetic. 

While Phil helped students in 6P, understand that prejudice is the pre-judgement of something or someone. A comment echoed across Year 6.  Ros gave her families testimony to the class, which left an impact.

The actions of bystanders and upstanders filtered through all the testimonies. The workshops allowed students to understand the power of small upstander actions: asking a friend to say something differently, sitting with a friend who feels others are being unkind and reaching out to trusted adults when its hard to navigate. Being a bystander might be the easier choice but being an upstander is often the quiter brave choice. 

We want to say thank you to the Year 6 students who were so respectful during this incursion. We have worked hard to make our spaces culturally safe and to hear the Courage to Care team acknowledge this was delightful.

We also want to thank the Courage to Care team; Thank you Sabrina, Fay, Phil, Eva, Henry and Louis for coming to Aspendale Ps. Thank you Marc too for helping set up! 

Below are a selection of reflections from 6F:

Lilith said:

Sam said:

We had an incursion today; Courage To Care came in and talked to us about discrimination a holocaust survivor also came and talked to us about his experience in World War Two. It was quite interesting, I liked the story that he told because I was learning something new. It was quite sad as well thinking that millions of people died back then, I struggle to think how scary it would have been back then, especially as a child.

Dorothea said:

Molly said:

From the Art Room Term 4 Week 8

Marine Ambassadors go to the Zoo!

Marine Ambassadors Excursion - Fighting Extinction 

Last week, the Marine Ambassadors were invited to the Fighting Extinction Schools Showcase at Melbourne Zoo. Thank you Ms MacNally for organising this. 

We saw many animals such as monkeys, seals, elephants and many more, but our favorite was definitely Bella, the fur seal who showed us some of her tricks and tried to eat our hats through the glass.

We were invited to see the 'Fighting Extinction' presentations.
When we arrived at the presentation, we saw many incredible things that schools are doing to help to stop extinction. Some schools were making badges and bookmarks so people could show their support for animals becoming extinct. Another school did a nurdle hunt and collected over 65,000 nurdles to help save marine animals from eating them and getting sick.

We also saw St. Louis there and they were explaining how they helped Gorillas by recycling phones so more of the Gorillas’ habitat isn’t being cut down. There were games run by some schools and even face painting!

We would like to give our huge thanks to Ms MacNally for getting us invited and taking us on the train and around the zoo all day. This was an incredible day and we hope next year’s Marine Ambassadors will get to go too and even present something to the other schools!

- Marine Ambassadors



PYPX  Reflection Fun times

While Exhibition is over, many of our students have taken the time to reflect on their PYPX Learning Journey. This is a very important part of the process because many students originally thought that PYPX was really about the Exhibition night. We have worked hard for students to understand that it is more about the process of creating their own inquiry, unpacking questions, researching, creating something, presenting and then reflecting!
Below are a sample of their reflections. Canva is very popular in Year 6 at the moment, so you will see many of our reflections have been created there.

Term 4 Week 7
And that's a wrap!

And just like that, PYPX is over. The Year 6s put on such an incredible event on Tuesday evening, showcasing their awesome work that they had been completeling over the past two months. There work was viewed by many the Year 6 parents and carers along with other members of the Aspendale community . We are very grateful for all of the support the Year 6s received from their Aspendale PS mentors, families at home and experts members of the greater community.

Student Reflection: Jett & Liv

This week was exhibition week, which means Year 6’s eight weeks of PYPX have almost come to an end. It has been a great journey and also a hard one, at times! 

On Tuesday night we had our final exhibition to the parents, carers, family and friends of our community. It has been a great 8 weeks of working hard to reach our final goal of spreading awareness of our or trying to solve our issues. Our research has been full of interesting facts, like how the FIFA Women’s World Cup prize money is 4 times less than the Men’s. We also all took an action which could be writing an email, raising money for charities related to our issues. I emailed 5 A-league clubs (Melbourne City, Melbourne Victory, Sydney FC, Perth Glory and Brisbane Roar) as well as the Matildas but unfortunately no one responded. Some of us also created interactive games for the students seeing our projects. I made a mini penalty shootout game against Matildas goalkeeper Mackenzie Arnold. On behalf of Year 6 I would like to thank all the teachers around the school for helping us and being our mentors, the school community for supporting us and most of all the Year 6 teachers who were with us every step of the way. This was an awesome experience and we are all very proud of ourselves.

We all started with an idea and hope that we could change a problem in that category. Most of us tried to raise awareness of our problem and did a great job. We all got people that were interested in our problems coming up to our stands looking at our information and learning new things. Some people had more than others but we all still raised awareness. I know I had heaps of fun preparing and setting up for my exhibition and I hope everyone else did as well. For my action Hugo and I asked a few Year three girls if they would like to play a game  of basketball in the hall. Surprisingly lots of them were interested and they had fun playing a game of basketball. The next week we asked if they would like to play a game of footy- this time, there was only three who were interested in playing. Advice, I would give to Year 5s? Make some of your presentation interactive to attract people. And to also make the words you use as simple as possible.

Term 4 Week 6

The countdown is well and truely on! We have 2 more days to set up our displays before it all begins.

"Creative chaos" is the best way to describe the Year 6 spaces at the moment...

We are in build/ develop/ cut/ print and put together mode. The teachers favourite questions are 'Excuse me...can you just print this for me?' 'Is their a spare table I could use?' 'What do you think about this?'

On Monday and Tuesday next week, we are looking forward to showing our school community - and other schools all the learning that we have been doing for the past 8 weeks. 

On Tuesday night from 5.30 -7.30 families will be invited in for the official, PYPX Exhibition night. 

The Year 6 teachers are very impressed by the students marathon commitment to their displays. It is really challenging to stay on task for so long and now that the end is in sight - we are all a mix of excitement and nerves! Thank you for all those who have supported us so far. We only have 5 more days!!!!

Term 4 Week 5 student blog

Term 4 Week 5 student blog - By Ivy & Jack

Hi, we are Jack and Ivy and the issues we are looking at are Fast Fashion and ADHD awareness. 

This week we are getting ready for the PYPX exhibition. It has been a bit chaotic in the classroom with everyone making their posters, graphs, diagrams and their projects. I have been emailing some NGO (Non-governmental organisations) that are facing a problem or an issue about fast fashion. I have also emailed Reliable Uniforms about what they’re doing to make their clothes sustainable and to help the environment.


This week we had 4 guest speakers!!! We started with Amanda Dudley who came in and taught us about psychology and the different types of health (mental, physical ect) and talked about the 6 pillars of wellbeing that includes things like exercise, relationships, body needs/ biological etc. 

We also had a visit from our old Assistant Principal Mrs Regester who now works at the Resilience Project. She came in with her colleague Elias and they spoke to us about G.E.M.EL (Gratitude, Empathy, Mindfulness and Emotional Literacy).

Emma Bowd came in to tell us about her journey to becoming an Author. She began by writing books for adults and it wasn’t until she visited her children’s classroom as a helper that she decided she loved working with children and writing stories for children. She now writes a lot of children's books and some chapter books as well. We have a couple of her stories in our school library as well! ‘Wonderful Shoes’ and ‘The day you were born’.  

We also have our last guest speaker coming in tomorrow, such a busy time in Year 6! A massive shout out to our special guest speakers for taking time out of their busy lives to come and chat with us, we truly appreciate it.  

Term 4 Week 4 student blog

Term 4 Week 4 student blog - By Jett & Hugo

Hi, we are Jett and Hugo. We are both researching similar issues for our PYPX project, ‘inequality and pay rate differences compared between male and females in sports both basketball and AFL.’ As part of our action we decided to run some lunchtime clubs for the Year 3 girls to raise awareness for women's sports and its population. We started on Tuesday this week and played basketball, we ran some warm ups and finished with a basketball game. Next week we will run a footy skills session and play a footy game. The following week the year 3’s will vote if they want to play another footy game or another basketball game. 

This week we had a guest speaker come in, his name was Paul Zappa he spoke to us about Respectful Relationships. We learnt a lot from him, he told us about his journey and experiences he has worked through with experiencing depression and anxiety. He taught us about how to identify if someone has something going on in their life and if they might need some help a really simple thing you can do is ask ‘Are you ok?’ He also taught us how to have some good habits to calm down and other strategies we can use. 

We are also now half way through our research and at the thinking stage before our big exhibition. We have almost finished researching, so now we’re up to thinking about what we’re going to show at our exhibition and how we are going to share our learning journey with the community.

We have had meetings with different teachers outside of our year level. They are called our mentors so if you see a big scary year six in your classroom, don't be worried we are probably just having a meeting with your teacher. 

We have all chosen a change maker we would like to research about. The change maker I chose most people do not know but he is important to my sister. His name is Geoff Lachlan, he started the first Edi Asp Under 8s Footy team, and convinced some other clubs to get under 8 teams as well. 

Thank you for reading our PYPX Blog and we hope you enjoyed hearing what we have done this week to improve our projects. Bye!!

Written by Jett and Hugo.

There is no doubt Year 6 students have been hard at it this week. There were a few lightbulb moments and Ms Fletcher, Mr Powell and I really enjoyed witnessing our students taking advantage of all the opportunities they have been given and embracing this journey. One of my favourite moments was reflecting on how far we have come. 

Questions included:

  • What is the hardest part? 
  • What is the coolest thing you have learnt this week? 
  • What is the best part? 
  • What is advice I would give to someone who was yet to begin?

Students were keen to share their highlights, and cool facts with the group. Many students, able to explain lots of challenges but also amazing experiences. Next week we look forward to planning out ideas for exhibition and more guest speakers. Huge thanks to Paul Zappa who gave up his time to come and talk with our Year 6 students.

Term 4 Week 3 student blog

Hi we are Milly, Milla, Rose & Ky, 4 students from 6P. We hope you enjoy reading about what we have done so far this week!

This week was an exciting week for PYPX! We started off with two full blocks of PYPX on Monday, then one full block on Tuesday, and a full block on Wednesday! On Monday we chose our Learner Profile Attributes (LPA’s) and then designed a card saying what the LPA was and a picture that represents the LPA. For our task before that we did an activity where we were given a job and we had to choose which 3 LPA’s would be the best. On Monday we also filled in a cheat sheet that we can use to help guide us when we meet with our mentors. 

This week most of the Year Sixes have met or are meeting with their mentors. Our mentors help to guide us through our PYPX journey so that we can be the most successful possible.

On Thursday our expert speaker, Miss Fletcher, will be talking to us about history.

We hope that you enjoyed reading our update about PYPX and look forward to reading next week's update.

Written and designed by Milly O’Donnell, Milla Youngs, Rose Stokes, and Ky Perkin!

Special thanks to Miss Fletcher for presenting to us to help with our PYPX!

Term 4 Week 2 student blog

Hi, we are Jas, Holly, Keita and Amelia, Year Six students from 6M. We are here to tell you what we have learnt and done this week for our PYPX. We hope you enjoy reading about what we have done this week!

We have had two guest speakers this week to show us what they are passionate about and what they do to help give us ideas on what we might want to focus on for our inquiry projects. 

On Tuesday we had our first guest speaker, Samantha Vella, an Artist and Teacher. She showed us her art work and told us her journey through becoming an artist. Since then she has had an exhibition and sells her work online. Our second guest visited us on Wednesday and her name is Emily Bourke. She is a teacher at APS who has a therapy dog named Dave that she brings to school. She explained to us how she got Dave and how having a therapy dog reduces stress and boosts joy. Did you know that when you see a dog it can lower the stress hormone cortisol and increase serotonin levels! This happens even when you see a picture of a dog. 


This week for our task we have been looking at the Key Concepts. With this task we had to look through each lens of the key concepts eg form, function, connection and many more. Everyone focused on their personal issue and looked at it from a different lens, asking questions around their issue so that later on in our PYPX we have more questions to answer and research to unpack!

For our PYPX we have been given a checklist to guide us each week and this week on our checklist we have: 

  • Check in with your coach, (discuss what you have done or what you want to get done this week)
  • Respond to the weekly prompt also known as your blog. 
  • Email your mentor to book a time to meet (your mentor is a teacher in the school who helps with research and someone who is an expert on a particular topic. 
  • Create a bibliography to show where all of our research came from. 
  • Write an email to our mentor to schedule and organize times to meet and check in. 
  • Post on our Google site and Padlet to keep that updated with our blog for each week and the Key Concepts. 

This week all of the year 6’s started to research for their PYPX. We are all researching a variety of issues for lots of different topics including Ocean pollution, Fast fashion, Animal testing and Mental health. Most of our research has been based around our Sentence of intent which is a sentence that represents your goals and what direction you intend for your PYPX to go in.

Written by Jasmine Reid, Holly Savic, Keita Rogers and Amelia Young. Thanks for reading and also a big thank you to Emily Bourke and Samantha Vella for coming in to share their stories with us! 

This week, we have also be concentrating on our 'form' questions- our 'what is it like?' questions and targeting specific websites that help us gather information. 
When asked the usual suspects of Kids Britannica , KidsNews and National Geographic for Kids are the favoured websites. But, overall, our go to for research this week is..... BTN. 

Term 4 Week 1
Do you know why faces can't be remembered? (Meg) Or can we bring back some dinosaurs and animals that are extinct? (Oscar) What about how much of the ocean is unexplored?(Lucas M) 

What about how will and has artificial intelligence changed our lives? (Kai)  Why do humans blink? (Georgia) Can you predict the next 50 to 100 years? (Woody) Do you know why our bodies adapt or how do our brains receive signals from our body?(Matilda)

The Year 6 students had the chance to ask Dr Karl
Kruszelnicki all these questions on Wednesday. Our students were impressed by Dr Karl’s knowledge about so many different topics. It was a great way to see someone so passionate about learning!  

Some of the other questions were: 

How have humans evolved? (Charlotte R) Why do some animals lay eggs? (Harvey) What was the first creature created and how? (Jett) If our earth and oceans and lands are always moving and changing and how countries were all split apart. Can this happen again in our future?(Ella R) How does Hawking Radiation escape a black hole? (Jayden M) What happens to water when the tide is high and low? (Milla) What made you want to be a scientist? (Lucas) How can most bugs climb up walls or vertical surfaces? (Tilly) What is the first country to be discovered and where was it? (Finnegan.)  

Week 1  has really  been about organising; our sites, our padlets, our ideas and our checklists! 

Students have been unpacking our loosely held ideas and talking/ clarifying our inquiries. We have found out who our coaches are (Year 6 teachers). Unpacked the  transdisciplinary themes and decided which one matches up with our ideas. The next steps include writing a sentence of intent which means that our students are clarifying their ideas, if you ask a Year 6 Student next week ‘what is your PYPX project?’ they will be able to give you a one sentence answer .

Student Blog Entry   Week 1

Hello! We are Olivia and Emily, two Year Six students and we are here to tell you about our week so far. As you may know we have started our PYPX journey to Exhibition in 8 weeks. 

On Monday we planned and asked questions about PYPX and we discovered that we have a coach and mentor. Our coach is a Year 6 teacher and our mentor is any teacher around the school. We were so excited that Ms Fletcher had to put the timer on - lucky we didn't stay in. We also got to put in our preference for coaches and we found this out on Tuesday.

On Tuesday, we looked at the transdisciplinary themes we have learned throughout Primary School. Each inquiry we do has a transdisciplinary theme and so we get to choose our own for our PYPX. I (Emily)chose to do an inquiry within the Sharing the Planet and I (Liv), have chosen to do a Where we are in place and time inquiry.  After a long anticipated day we finally discovered our Coaches and everyone was excited. 

On Wednesday, we met with Dr Karl on video call. Some lucky Year 6 students got to ask Dr Karl questions like:Why do we have to blink? And How do we get allergies? These were amazing questions and Dr Karl answered them magnificently. We also did our want to know and what I know and what I need to know.  

On Thursday we checked some things off of our checklist which include: Create a padlet for our PYPX journey and post on our google sites. On Friday, we will write our sentence of intent- which will be a sentence that explains to anyone who asks, What our inquiry is about. It is also a sentence  for our perspective Mentors to read to decide which students they would like to mentor. 

We hope you enjoyed reading this, And hope you are looking forward to next week’s update! 

Written by and designed by Oliva McAuliffe and Emily Northey

Special thanks to Dr Karl for letting us interview him.

Term 3 Week 10

Year 6 students have been asked all year to hold their ideas for PYPX lightly. Holding our ideas lightly has allowed us to hear different ideas, reflect on the news and be open minded to different perspectives, as the year has progressed.

This week, we have formalised the start of our PYPX learning journey. Today, our provocations are related to unpacking key concepts, exploring issues within topics and brainstorming our ‘ideas’ less lightly. By the end of our first week back, our Year 6 students will have chosen their issues and we will be locking in their teacher mentors. 

Over the next 8 weeks, our Year 6 students will be embarking on a PYPX learning journey. It is a time that culminates in  our Year 6 PYP Exhibition. It is a time where our Year 6 students independently tackle an inquiry into an issue and/or solve a problem that exists today, they apply all the knowledge from their PYP experience- whether it be seven years from when they began in Foundation or more recently, when they arrived at APS. It is a celebration of the amazing skills and passion they show about an issue.

We hope to update this blog twic a week, with a teacher entry and student feedback. Watch this space! 

TheirCare Holiday Program

School Holiday Art Classes

Year 1 & 2 Working Bee

SATURDAY, 2nd December 2023, 10.30am –12.30pm

Dear families in Yr’s 1 & 2,

Term 4 School Working Bee will be held on Saturday 2nd December at 10.30am for the parents and students in your child’s class.

Each term the Buildings and Grounds Sub-committee of the School Council organises a working bee aligned to 1 or 2 levels of the school. You are asked to attend just one Working Bee each year. Any amount of time you can contribute will be greatly appreciated, even one hour would be great, as a number of labour-intensive tasks are planned for these mornings.  It’s also a great way to catch up with the other Year 1 & 2 parents!

The convenor for this Working Bee will be Mr Kevin Riant please see Kevin upon your arrival, to go through the OHS Volunteer Induction.

Light Refreshments will be provided at 12:30pm for all adults and children!


Thank you in advance for contributing to the maintenance and beautification of our grounds to the benefit of all students.

Yours sincerely,

2023 School Council Buildings and Grounds Sub- Committee        





School has a lot of equipment. If bringing your own, please clearly name this.

Grounds & entrances

Removing sand, rubbish, leaves, from all asphalt & yard areas, paths, entrances, steps

Brooms and rakes, gloves wheelbarrows

School Hall

(if required)

Sweeping/blowing around exterior, clearing/killing weeds as required

Brooms, Blower, gloves, smaller container for weeds


Raking and removing debris, tidying edges on long jump pit as required.

Rakes, forks, wheelbarrows, spades.

Play equipment areas

Spreading/turning over soft-fall mulch

Spades, forks, wheelbarrows


(if required)

Killing/clearing weeds –a) around fenceline;

b) within play equipment areas

c) around all steps, porches, concrete areas.

Gloves, brushcutter, wheelbarrows,

Smaller containers, gloves


Clean out/sweep all drains.

Shovel, broom, gloves


Pruning, weeding, spreading mulch if required,

some watering (from tanks)

Wheel barrow, spade,